PhD Graduate Marie-Pier Joly on Employment Precarity and Immigration

May 25, 2018 by Nico Golinski

PhD Graduate Marie-Pier Joly, in collaboration with Professor Luin Goldring (York University), published an article in Just Labour: A Canadian Journal of Work and Society. Their article examines how precarious work is affected by legal immigration status and racialization. Joly and Goldring find that employment precarity is much higher for racialized non-citizens.

Marie-Pier Joly obtained her PhD in Sociology from the University of Toronto in 2017. She is a postdoctoral researcher at Göttingen University studying the experiences of migrants from Muslim-majority countries.

We have posted the citation and the abstract of the article below. The full text is available through York University here.

Goldring, Luin and Marie-Pier Joly. 2014. "Immigration, Citizenship, and Racialization at Work: Unpacking Employment Precarity in Southwestern Ontario." Just Labour: A Canadian Journal of Work and Society, 22:94-121.

This paper examines the relationship between precarious employment, legal status, and racialization. We conceptualize legal status to include the intersections of immigration and citizenship. Using the PEPSO survey data we operationalize three categories of legal status: Canadian born, foreign-born citizens, and foreign-born non-citizens. First we examine whether the character of precarious work varies depending on legal status, and find that it does: Citizenship by birth or naturalization reduces employment precarity across most dimensions and indicators. Next, we ask how legal status intersects with racialization to shape precarious employment. We find that employment precarity is disproportionately high for racialized non-citizens. Becoming a citizen mitigates employment precarity. Time in Canada also reduces precarity, but not for non-citizens. Foreign birth and citizenship acquisition intersect with racialization unevenly: Canadian born racialized groups exhibit higher employment precarity than racialized foreign-born citizens. Our analysis underscores the importance of including legal status in intersectional analyses of social inequality.

Read the full article here.